leading company in call center, mail marketing, ses kayıt, çağrı merkezi yazılımları systems in turkey.

The Bolsheviks’ power after the revolution 1917

There was wide dissent after the revolution and a number of political parties sprang up almost immediately to challenge the Bolsheviks’ power.
The power struggle began peacefully in the November elections for the Constituent Assembly; the Socialist Revolutionaries won a sweeping victory, only to have the assembly shut down by a very angry Lenin. A multisided civil war erupted. Trotsky founded the Red Army in February 1918 and the Cheka, Russia’s secret police force designed to fight opposition, was established.

The new government operated from the Smolny until March 1918, when it moved to Moscow, fearing attacks on Petrograd from outside and from within. The loss in status was a crushing blow to the city, already suffocating from food shortages and unrest, and one that still affects it today.



By August 1920, the population of the city had fallen to 722,000, only one-third of the pre-revolutionary figure. Civil war ravaged the country until 1921, by which time the Communist Party had firmly established one-party rule thanks to the Red Army and the Cheka, which continued to eliminate opponents. Those who escaped joined an estimated 1.5 million citizens in exile.

The Bolsheviks instituted a number of reforms, including modernising orthography and introducing the use of the Gregorian calendar in 1918.
But the 1921 strikes in the city and a (bloodily crushed) revolt by the sailors of nearby Kronshtadt helped bring about Lenin’s more liberal New Economic Policy (NEP).

Petrograd was renamed Leningrad after Lenin’s death in 1924. After a long struggle for the soul of the party, Stalin defeated Trotsky and his supporters to become the USSR’s sole leader by 1927. He initiated one of the most painful periods in Russian history with the collectivisation of the land, which led to millions of deaths from starvation. By the end of the 1920s, he had instituted the first five-year plan, which made Leningrad a centre of the Soviet Union’s industrialisation programme. By 1939 the city had a population of 3.1 million people and was producing 11% of Soviet industrial output.

Comments are closed.